Irish Ovals

Richmond Type 7a Oval

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Although sometimes on round flans these ovals can readily be identified by the fact that the legends start at 7.00 o’clock. The sceptre handles are longer and closer together. This type uses re-cut James dies – CARO over IACO. Privy mark cross patée both sides. Before legend on the obverse (sometimes almost covered up by […]

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Richmond Type 7b Oval

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Legends begin at 7.00 o’clock. A complicated group….. CARO over IACO. Five  jewels on obverse crown as before, but reverse has nine (except for one with 7)  Die axis now unrotated.  BRIT, BRI and BR occur. One version has 7 strings – others having 6. Some harps are hook-fronted. Privy mark is always cross patée […]

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Richmond Type 8 Oval

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Legends begin at 7.00 o’clock. Nine circlet jewels either side. Die axis rotated. 6 harp strings. Privy mark is lis, demi, and is found between the sceptre handles Illustrated  E.114a/P.275. 1625-c.1631 (C) choice ef  

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Richmond Type 9 Oval

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Legends start at 7.00 o’clock. Similar to type 8 except that the privy mark on the reverse is now at the end of the legend. Two recorded pm’s – martlet and millrind. All have six harp strings. Die axis unrotated. Nothing between sceptre handles. Illustrated E.115b/P.276. pm=martlet.  c.1625-c.31. (R) vf/nef  

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Richmond Type 10a Oval

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Legends start at 7.00 o’clock. Another similar type to 8, (however some pieces have only 8 jewels) but now the privy mark is on both sides – at the end of the legends. The only privy mark used is a crescent. Normally 6 harp strings, though one exceptionally rare issue has 7. Die axis rotated. […]

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Richmond Type 10b Oval

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Legends start at 7.00 o’clock. Similar to 10a with a privy mark both sides – but the mark (a goutte) is upside down in relation to the letters. Die axis rotated. 6 harp strings. No pellet between handles. Illustrated E.118/P.279. c.1625-c.1631. (R) nvf

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Richmond Type 10c Oval

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Legends start at 7.00 o’clock. With the upright privy mark (a figure 9) on both sides, but now the obverse pm is between the sceptre handles. Die axis rotated. 6 harp strings. Illustrated  E.119/P.280. c.1625-c.1631. (S) nef  

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Richmond Type 11/10b Oval Mule

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Legends start at 7.00 o’clock. This coin has the reverse of E.118 – pm goutte, paired with the obverse of a new type 11 farthing (apostrophe stops) pm double rose. Six strings. Die axis unrotated. No pellet between handles. Illustrated E.120/P.285. c.1631-32. (VR) vf  

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Richmond Type 11 Oval

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Legends start at 7.00 o’clock. The 6-stringed scroll fronted harp now replaces the eagles head type. Apostrophe stop punctuation now used. New crowns with 6 jewels introduced. Privy mark double rose at the beginning of the obv, legend, and at the end of the reverse. Die axis unrotated. Two versions known – one with a […]

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Richmond Type 12 Oval

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Legends start at 7.00 o’clock. New crowns introduced with five circlet jewels. Double rose privy mark found only on the obverse. Die axis unrotated 6 harp strings. 2 versions noted – one with E of REX over R. No pellet between sceptres. Illustrated E.122b/P.282. (E over R)  c.1632-3. (ER) gef  

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